Stone of Clarification:
Andalusite, Chiastolite, Staurolite, Fairy Cross, Cross Stone…many believe these to be similar, or some the same, or all completely different…whatever name one uses to refer to this incredible mix of minerals, they are all in fact correct!
It seems that our Fairy Stones, are named Chiastolite, which is a pseudomorphic version of Andalusite. The specimens of the Cross Stone are actually often found within larger specimens of Andalusite, which is a polymorphic version of Staurolite.
Meaning that Staurolite created Andalusite, then a version of Andalusite under pressure with dark inclusions is called Chiastolite, Cross Stone, Fairy Cross and Fairy Stone. Please see Scientific Information for a more detailed description.
The twin crystal inclusion are sometimes referred to a “Fairy Crosses” as it was once believed to be created by the tears of the fairies who were unable to control their crying when they heard of the crucifixion of Jesus. It was also considered a good luck charm to prevent children from evil spirits, therefore named “Fairy Stones” to be more appealing to the children and ensure they would keep them on.
The name Chiastolite is said to be derived from the Greek chiastos meaning ‘cross marked’; other names for this stone are Crusite, Crucite, and Lapis Lucifer.
Scientific Gemstone Properties
Mohs Hardness of 7.5 with a orthorhombic crystal structure
Staurolite –>Staurolite through pressure passes by imperceptibly by degrees (pseudomorph say some polymorph say others ) into a hydrous species of Andalusite. The Staurolite inclusions are preserved within the Andalusite, which suggests that Staurolite grew before Andalusite and was later consumed by a reaction of pressure and environment, which in turn produced Andalusite.
NOTE: polymorphism is the ability of a solid material to exist in more than one form or crystal structure.
Andalusite –> Andalusite through varying pressures may polymorph into Kyanite and Sillimanite therefore they are rarely found together in the same rock specimen. Andalusite though changes once again.
Chiastolite –>pseudomorphically altered by muscovite, paragonite and margarite; is generally found in porphyroblasts (of andalusite) and presents as the light brown with the darkly crossed stone. It is the calcium rich margarite that tends to form along the graphite rich crosses or bands within the the Chiastolite creating the striking feature.
NOTE: A porphyroblast is a large crystal that is surrounded by a finer-grained matrix in a metamorphic rock. Porphyroblasts form by the recrystallization of existing mineral crystals during metamorphism.
So, it seems that our Fairy Stones, are named Chiastolite, which is a pseudomorphic version of Andalusite. The specimens of the Cross Stone are actually often found within larger specimens of Andalusite, which is a polymorphic version of Staurolite.
Meaning that Staurolite created Andalusite and a version of Andalusite under pressure with dark inclusions is called Chiastolite, Cross Stone, Fairy Cross and Fairy Stone.
It is the clear variety of Andalusite that was first found in Andalusia, Spain that is the most viable to be cut correctly into the dazzling multi-colored, faceted gemstone. Other sources for all specimens are Sri Lanka, brazil, Canada, Russia, Australia and the US. Many varying locations claim to be the “only” resource for what is specifically called the “fairy stone”.
Metaphysical Gemstone Properties
To add to it’s various names Andalusite is also considered the “Seeing Stone” as it allows one to see different facets of one’s character without judgement or bias while still remaining grounded. Also helpful in seeing other people, situations and issues rationally; then also a guides one to what is the ‘right’ path. It is a stone of great energy that will assist one in accomplishing large, long term projects; ensuring success by assisting one to keep completely focused on the task at hand.
Said to have the ability to not only ward off evil wishing and cures, but alls the power to dispel negative thoughts and feelings transmuting them into positive, non-conflicted harmony. Told to offer enhanced general memory as well as personal memory recall.
Offers one the understanding of chivalry, moderation and balance in all things. Assisting one to recover when thrown out of balance due to circumstances out of one’s control; facilitating the re-alignment and centering of all the bodies.
Healing Gemstone Properties
Physically Andalusite is said to lessen fevers, lessen unwanted blood flow, alleviating over acidification as well as balancing any deficiency in oxygenation. Through balance of the nervous system and muscle influences, this stone is often used to treat uncontrollable movements.
It shall aid in discarding destructive behaviors, recover from abusive habits; bringing one a feeling of protection, safety and security; as well as balancing the emotions at the same time.
Used by healers to counter many of the physical effects of aging by balancing the immune system and regenerating many inner body functions to form a general healthy and happy well being.
Magical Gemstone Properties
Energy: Projective & Receptive
Element: All Elements
Deities: Oonagh & Danu
Powers: Elemental Power & Magic and Luck
Candle Color: Brown or Gold
Due to it’s shape or presentation of the cross, it is worn or carried by one practicing elemental magic; as it was told that the bearer would have control of all the four elements; as well as rebalancing the elements within oneself.
Also a very grounding stone, assisting one in connecting with other worlds and realms, quite specifically the Fae Realm if that is where one is directed.
Also told to be used by some to psychically communicate with those in the animal kingdom. Said to be quite helpful in reclaiming of lost objects.
To cleanse one may use running water, to recharge may bury in dirt or sand (especially helpful in a garden or wooded area) for 24 hours; or in a glass of water overnight with Hematite or Crystal Quartz as companions.
Zodiac Gemstone Properties
Zodiac Stone of: Has been attributed to all Signs from different references
Associations: Has been attributed to all planets from different references
Birthstone: Not a birthstone for any month
To dream of this stone symbolizes that one should expect a task that will require one’s full attention and energy to complete it successfully.
Chakra Gemstone Properties
Associated with the 3rd, Solar Plexus; 4th, Heart and 5th, Throat Chakras, it will open one up and ground one as well.
A perfect companion for meditation and centering.